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THE 040: Fundamentals of Costuming - Bush (Fall 2020)


Welcome to the Howe Library! This research guide is designed to help you find the most useful sources for your Flyin’ West Final Design Project. This guide includes: 1) resources about Nicodemus, Kansas, one of the "Black towns" that was settled by the "exodusters" in 1877, as well as information about African American frontier women;  2) information about--and a few reviews for--Flyin' West;   3) sources of information about clothing and fashion.
Because of these unusual circumstances during fall 2020, I have emphasized online sources. However, the "Nicodemus & Western..." and "Clothing.." pages in the guide provide tips on how to access both physical books and scanned book chapters, as well as make use of the Curbside Pick-up Service.

MLA citation: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Jean Blackwell Hutson Research and Reference Division, The New York Public Library. "Negro emigrants on their way to Kansas." The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1882.

Library in Fall 2020

See Visiting the Howe Library and Fall 2020 Services for information about the library for fall 2020.

Library Hours:  Sunday-Saturday 10:00 am-6:00 pm (through October 25)
(October 26-November 24): Monday-Thursday 10:00 am-10:00 pm and Friday-Sunday 10:00 am-6:00 pm.


Use your UVM NetID and password to log in to the UVM network through EZproxy before you begin your research, to access the UVM Libraries' licensed electronic resources, such as article databases, electronic journals, e-books, and more.   Once you're logged in look for "" in the URL of the web page (e.g., to ensure that you are connected to the UVM network.  NOTEUVM affiliates only after a database name indicates a licensed library database, restricted to UVM affiliates.

Getting Research Help in Fall 2020

There are a variety of ways to get help remotely from the Howe Library reference librarians during this time.  Have a question?  Please ask us!

Contact me directly through e-mail (Patricia Mardeusz : to ask a question or to schedule a time to "meet" virtually for an individual research consultation through Teams. Depending on your specific needs (e.g., not too complex), you may be able to schedule a "chat" session with me.

NOTE: If you want to schedule a "chat" with me individually, e-mail me so we can schedule a time and day. Then use the chat function in my "Profile" box on this page. 

If you need real-time help, use our Ask A Librarian chat service below to ask a question. Beginning August 31, 2020, Reference Chat hours are: Mon-Thurs, 9 am-6 pm and Fri, 9 am-4 pm.  
Note: If you see a message that says "chat unavailable"  during chat "open hours," try refreshing your browser. It may be that two librarians are switching off with one another.


"The "Exodusters" African Americans freed as a result of the Civil War still faced severe racial injustice during Democrat–controlled Reconstruction. In the hopes of finding a better life elsewhere, thousands of former slaves abandoned the South and moved westward toward Kansas during the 1870s and 1880s. The state was an appealing destination because it was rumored to have a milder climate than the South, was dominated by Republican politics, and offered blacks the opportunity to become landowners under the 1860 Homestead Act. More than twenty–five thousand "Exodusters"—so–called after the biblical exodus from Egypt—established communities mostly in the western part of the state, with Nicodemus as one of the most famous new settlements...."

"The "Exodusters"." Oxford African American Studies Center. December 01, 2006. Oxford University Press. Date of access 4 Oct. 2020,

During the time period of the play, Kansas had one Republican Senator and one Populist Senator; two Republican Representatives and six Populist Representatives (55th Congress). The President was William McKinley.