Skip to Main Content
UVM Libraries Research Guides banner

Human Development and Family Science

APA Citation Resources






DOIs or "digital object identifiers" are unique strings of letters and numbers that identify an article

DOI's are used as an "address" for an article.  DOIs can be found on the first page of an article, either at the top or the bottom.






They can also be found in a database record.  Not all articles have DOIs, but if your article does have one, you need to include it at the end of your citation.


Make sure you omit the UVM proxy from the DOI:

Correct: https://doi:10.1108/09513570310492290

Incorrect:  https://doi[]10.1108/09513570310492290

Other APA Help