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NR 001/ 002: Natural History and Human Ecology - Poleman and Kuentzel (Fall 2018/ Spring 2019)

Need help?

If you need additional help with your research for this class, please don't hesitate to contact me.  We can set up a time to meet for an individual consultation, and work through all your research questions.


Citing your Sources

You are required to use APA citation style for this class.  Remember, that when citing your sources, order and detail of information matter. 

Click on the link below for the APA style guides. 

APA (American Psychological Association) Style Guides


 Additionally, you may need to cite aspects of class not included in the above citation guide.  For example, you can use the above link to help you create an APA citation to Mike Winslow's book: "Lake Champlain: A Natural History."  However, a proper APA bibliographic citation to MIke Winslow's guest lecture would look like this:

Winslow, M. (2015,  October 1).  NR 001 guest lecture: Ecology of Lake Champlain.  University of Vermont, Burlington, VT.

Or you may want to cite some specific information you learned by talking to someone within the professional context of your class.  Personal communication is not included in your References Cited section, when using APA style.  Instead, personal commmunication is only cited in-text.  For example:

Providing proper attribution for all your sources of scholarship is important in your NR 001 assignments (W. Poleman, personal communication, October 12, 2015).

Why Citations Matter

There are many reasons why it is important to cite the resources that you consult when doing research.  The most important of these are:

  • Gives credit to authors whose works you have used (whether you quote them or not).
  • Provides a trail by which others can locate the materials you have consulted.
  • Provides evidence of your research.
  • Properly citing materials is one strategy to help you avoid plagiarizing.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is using another person's work without giving them credit.

At UVM plagiarizing, whether intentional or by accident, is a violation of the  Code of Academic Integrity (PDF).

Easy ways to avoid plagiarizing:

  • Never cut and paste material into a paper.
  • Always cite your sources.