The list of references includes all the works cited by the authors of the article. The most commonly cited formats are journal articles and books, but a wide variety of other "publications" may also be listed, such as meeting abstracts, scientific posters, newspaper articles, web sites, government documents, laws and regulations, blog posts, and personal emails.
⇒ How many references were listed by the Villamil-Gomez, et al., article? By the Warren, et al., article? By the Granath article?
⇒ Why does the Granath article have so many more references than the other two articles?
Why are references important? The primary reason for citing references is to give credit to authors whose ideas contributed to the current work. An equally important function is to provide sufficient bibliographic information about the work cited such that the reader is able to identify and obtain the original work.
Some of the most popular citation styles used by health sciences journals include:
Regardless of the style used, most journal article citations include the following elements: