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Scholarly Journal Articles: Structure and Function

The peer-review process

Most scholarly journals subject manuscripts to a rigorous review process in which independent subject experts (the "peers") are asked to read and critique the manuscript, and make a recommendation as to whether it should be accepted for publication.

  • In some cases, the reviewers determine that the manuscript does not meet the journal's standards, and will recommend that it be rejected outright.
  • Occasionally, the reviewers decide that the manuscript is well-done in all respects, and will recommend that it be accepted, as is.
  • In the majority of cases, the reviewers recommend that the manuscript be accepted provided certain specified revisions are satisfactorily made.

In a double-blinded peer-review process, neither the author of the manuscript nor the reviewer(s) are aware of the identity of the other party.

This process is an important safeguard for the consumer of scientific and biomedical information, and is intended to prevent poorly conducted research from ever being published. Nevertheless, articles suffering from faulty research methodology, bias, and even fraud are still occasionally published.